There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Rome each year.
The main ones are listed below.
For all Italians, the 6th of January is the day when the benevolent white witch Befana, who predates Santa Claus in Italy, arrives on her broomstick with presents and candy for all children who have been good during the year. In Rome, Piazza Navona is converted into a huge playground for the occasion.Week leading to Easter : Holy Week (national holiday)
In Rome, Holy Week begins with various religious events one week before Easter and culminates on Easter Sunday with a large mass in Saint Peter's Square.Week of Easter : Holy Week (national holiday)
In Rome, Holy Week begins with a large mass on Palm Sunday. On Good Friday, the pope leads an outdoor mass at the Colosseum, with a Way of the Cross procession. The week's events culminate on Easter Sunday, when the pope delivers his Urbi et Orbi blessing in Saint Peter's Square.May 1 : Labour Day (national holiday) June 2 : Republic Day (national holiday)
Celebrations include a military parade on Via dei Fori Imperiali, after which the marvellous gardens of the Palazzo del Quirinale, the residence of the Italian president, are opened to the public.August 15 : Assumption Day (Ferragosto, national holiday)
On this day, popular dances take place all over Rome to celebrate the Virgin Mary's Assumption.November 4 : National Unity and Armed Forces Day (national holiday)
This day commemorates the victory over Austria-Hungary in 1918 during World War I. Events in Rome include a solemn wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.December 25 : Christmas (national holiday)
A midnight mass is celebrated on Christmas Eve by the pope at Saint Peter's Basilica.December 26 : Saint Stephen's Day (Santo Stephano)
This Italian holiday commemorates the birth of Saint Stephen. Traditionally, this day is dedicated to family time, with large and festive meals taking place.
|Month||Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Average Rains (MM)||Best Time to Travel|
|January||3/37||12/54||70/2.8||Not the best period to go|
|February||3/37||13/55||70/2.8||Not the best period to go|
|March||5/41||15/59||57/2.2||Not the best period to go|
|April||8/46||18/64||79/3.1||Good period to go|
|May||12/54||13/55||59/2.3||Good period to go|
|June||16/61||28/82||31/1.2||Good period to go|
|July||19/66||31/88||22/0.9||Not the best period to go|
|August||19/66||31/88||29/1.1||Not the best period to go|
|September||16/61||27/81||67/2.6||Good period to go|
|October||12/54||22/72||98/3.9||Not the best period to go|
|November||8/46||16/61||112/4.4||Not the best period to go|
|December||4/39||12/54||99/3.9||Not the best period to go|
Rome's Fiumicino Airport is located about 32 kilometres (20 miles) south-west of the city centre and is easily reached by car, taxi, train, bus and shuttle.
It is recommended to use public transport to get around the city. Although the city's underground rail system only has three lines, its bus, tram and light rail networks over excellent coverage.
Buses run frequently throughout the day and some lines also operate in the evening (one bus every half hour). Tickets may be purchased at kiosks, newsstands and from the self-service machines within the Rome Metro system. They cost EUR 1.50 and are valid for 75 minutes on any mode of transport, but including only one trip on the Metro.
The Rome Metro (called Metropolitana by Italians) has three lines: A, B and C. Line A, with 27 stations, runs from Battistini in the west of the city to Anagnina in the south-east, passing close to many of Rome's popular tourist sights. It is crossed by Line B, with 26 stations, including Colosseo (Colosseum), connecting Laurentina in the south to Rebibbia in the north. Line C has 21 stations, all of which opened in 2014 and 2015, with three additional ones currently under construction. However, this line does not pass through Rome's historic centre and is therefore of little interest for tourists. Roma 24 Ore tickets allow you to use unlimited transportation for 24 hours after first use (EUR 7). 48-hour and 72-hour versions are also available (EUR 12.50 and EUR 18 respectively).
Rome has six tram lines, all running very frequently during the day, which should therefore not be neglected as a mode of transport. Rome's trams use the same tickets as the Metro and buses.
It is easy to find taxis at Roma Termini station, near the city's main squares and at the major tourist attractions and landmarks. The base fare is EUR 3.00, with an additional EUR 1.10 per kilometre (0.6 miles) for short trips. The base fare is higher from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m. and on Sunday, with extras for luggage and airport-bound rides.
Although traffic in Rome is very often chaotic, bicycles are an excellent way to get around the city. There are many bike rental shops.
Rome is a city built on a human scale and is very pleasant to visit on foot.
Upon your arrival in Rome, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay.Rome Tourist Office (Ufficio del Turismo di Roma)
Offers practical information and many useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).
At various locations throughout the city, Rome's tourist board operates these kiosks where you can obtain information and recommendations for your visit to the city and its surrounding area. Listed below are the main addresses for the PITs in Rome:
The official website of Italy's national tourist board (Agenzia Nazionale del Turismo, ENIT) provides a wealth of information on Rome:
The currency used in Italy is the euro (€).
JPY1 = €0.01
€1 = JPY100
The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.
See your doctor before you travel. It is also recommended to take out insurance covering medical expenses and repatriation before your trip. Rome counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists.
For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area, as well as those from the countries of the European Union not included in the area, need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter Italy.
As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter Italy for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.
For further information, visit the website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en
To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Rome, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.
Here are a few basic Italian phrases that will make your stay in Rome a little easier:
And what about tipping?
At restaurants that have waiting staff, a 10 to 15 percent service charge (servizio) is usually included in the bill. If the service is exceptional, you can certainly leave a few euros more. Some restaurants also apply a cover charge (pane e coperto, literally “bread and cutlery”), which is not considered as a gratuity, but is instead a set, nominal fee you will need to pay regardless of what you eat. You should therefore be wary of the very attractive prices posted in the windows of certain restaurants, because they may not include either the servizio or the pane e coperto!